‘A Jewish Maestra and a Lady too’: Reflections on Femininity in the Career of Ethel Stark

Maria N. Rachwal is a musicologist and music teacher from Toronto, ON. Her work on women in classical music has been featured on the CBC Radio, as well as media throughout North America. Her book, “From Kitchen to Carnegie Hall: Ethel Stark and the Montreal Women’s Symphony Orchestra,” was shortlisted for a Vine Award for Canadian Jewish Literature.

Ethel Stark changed the face of classical music forever by forming the first full all-women’s symphony orchestra and including the first Black female musician. The article in the Canadian Jewish Studies Journal titled “‘A Jewish Maestra and a Lady too’: Reflections on Femininity in the Career of Ethel Stark” highlights how this Austro-Canadian Jewish woman who lived outside the constraints of conventional domesticity, both navigated through and defied the ideals of the “Cult of True Womanhood”, to spearhead a movement of feminism in music. Read this article and more on the CJS Journal by clicking here: (https://cjs.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/cjs/index)